In this final part of my series on the Cold Supply Chain, I will discuss considerations for export liability, as well as label and marking considerations in the import/export process of shipping food and frozen food. Part 1 discussed temperature, sanitization, and traceability considerations, where part 2 covered quality specifications and the definitions of the elements and processes of the export process.
It takes a special expertise to pull off the cold supply chain with skill and accuracy all while maintaining costs and mitigtating risks. It’s vital to understand the entire process, best practices, and considerations within the cold supply chain in order to stay in line with the FDA’s requirements in the Food & Safety Modernization Act.
NOTE: Cerasis is a third party logistics company who specializes in freight management via LTL, TL, and Small Package freight modes. Cerasis has many affiliates who can assist in the process of the cold supply chain in the way of warehousing and international import/export. However, Cerasis can help you in our North American freight management needs with technology via their transportation management software for LTL and Small Package freight, and has a truckload freight division to handle full truckload shipments.
Export shipments are insured against loss, damage, and delay in transit by CARGO INSURANCE.Depending on the terms of sale, the cargo insurance may be made by either the buyer or seller. The responsibilities of the buyer and seller are based on the negotiated incoterms: If the customer purchases FOB (Free on Board): ex-works, the customer pays for the insurance, freight and all other export costs. If other FOB arrangements are made, the seller pays the insurance: FOB CIF: Cost, Insurance and Freight.
Damaging weather conditions, rough handling by carriers, and other common hazards to cargo make MARINE INSURANCE important protection for exporters. If the terms of sale make the firm responsible for instance, it should either purchase its own insurance policy or insure cargo under the freight forwarders policy for a fee. Even if the insurance burden is on the buyer, the seller should not assume (or take the buyer’s word) that adequate insurance has been obtained. If the buyer neglects to obtain insurance coverage or obtains too little, damage to the cargo may cause major financial loss to the exporter of record.
Insurance coverage has to be on a door-to-door basis to protect you if you are responsible for insurance coverage to protect the shipment.
The terms and conditions of the purchase agreement: Purchase Order/ Purchasing Agreement, should have detailed Terms and Conditions to protect ACS in a court of law should that ever occur. If the Supplier has terms and conditions in their documents, and you do not, the case will be automatically won by the supplier.
*See theft/pilferage avoidance below under physical export requirements.
Meet FDA/USDA Certification requirements: Electronic Export Information (see above under export food documentation).
Shelf life considerations: temperature management to insure proper shelf life of the frozen food. Breakage, weight, moisture and pilferage
All necessary documentation outlined above.
Physical Export Requirements in the Cold Supply Chain
Since proper packing is essential in exporting, often the customer specifies packing requirements. If the buyer does not so specify, be sure the goods are prepared with the following considerations in mind:
Because the goods are being shipped by unknown carriers to distant customers, the exporter must be sure to follow all shipping requirements to help ensure that the merchandise is packed correctly so it arrives in good condition, labeled correctly to ensure that goods are handled properly and arrive on time and at the right place, documented correctly to meet local and foreign government requirements as well as proper collection standards and insured against damage, loss and pilferage, and in some cases, delay.
Your questions or input are welcome, and if you have any specific questions, feel free to email me or connect with me on LinkedIn.
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